Allogeneic transplantation: peripheral blood vs. bone marrow.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Current opinion in oncology, Volume 24, Issue 2, p.191-196 (2012)

Keywords:

2012, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Center-Authored Paper, Clinical Research Division, Consortium Authored Paper, Graft vs Host Disease, Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor, Hematologic Neoplasms, Humans, January 2012, Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Recombinant Proteins, T-Lymphocytes, Transplantation, Homologous, Unrelated Donors

Abstract:

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) have been widely adopted as a source of stem cells for allogeneic transplantation, although controversy remains regarding their role compared to the use of bone marrow. RECENT FINDINGS: Ten-year follow-up has been reported from several large randomized trials and a recently completed trial using unrelated donor stem cells has been reported. In addition, two meta-analyses have been reported from the findings of a number of randomized studies. Several studies indicate that PBSCs confer survival advantages over bone marrow with matched sibling donors for most disease categories except where the risks of disease recurrence within the first year are low, but with the extra risk of more chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Using PBSCs from unrelated donors does not appear to be more beneficial than bone marrow, but with early follow-up. New strategies for rapid mobilization of PBSCs from normal donors using plerixafor have been reported. Early studies suggest that filgrastim-stimulated bone marrow may confer some of the advantages of PBSCs without the risks of chronic GVHD. SUMMARY: PBSCs are a preferred source of stem cells for many types of allogeneic transplant, in which matched related donors are available. Whether the same benefits accrue from unrelated donors will require further follow-up.