Adeno-associated virus vectors preferentially transduce cells in S phase.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Volume 91, Issue 19, p.8915-9 (1994)


1994, Alkaline Phosphatase, Cells, Cultured, Dependovirus, Gene Therapy, Genetic Vectors, Humans, Plasmids, S Phase, Transduction, Genetic, Virus Integration


Vectors based on adeno-associated virus can stably transfer genes by chromosomal integration in recipient cells. In this study we have infected stationary and dividing primary human fibroblast cultures with adeno-associated virus vectors encoding alkaline phosphatase and neomycin phosphotransferase. We find that the transduction frequency of S phase cells is about 200 times that of non-S phase cells. However, neither S phase nor mitosis is essential for transduction. Single-stranded vector genomes survive in stationary cultures and can be recruited for transduction by stimulating these cultures to divide. Stable transductants contain randomly integrated vector sequences. These findings have important implications for the use of adeno-associated virus vectors in gene therapy.