131I anti-CD45 radioimmunotherapy effectively targets and treats T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Blood, Volume 113, Issue 23, p.5905-10 (2009)

Keywords:

2009, Animals, Antibody Development Core Facility, Antigens, CD45, Biologics Production Core Facility, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Processing Core Facility, Center-Authored Paper, Clinical Research Division, Comparative Medicine Core Facility, DISEASE PROGRESSION, Flow Cytometry Core Facility, Genomics Core Facility, Humans, Iodine Radioisotopes, Lymphoma, T-Cell, MICE, Proteomics Core Facility, Radioimmunotherapy, Shared Resources, Survival Rate, Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

Abstract:

Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) options for T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (T-NHLs) are limited. We evaluated anti-CD45-RIT in human (h) and murine (m) T-NHL. CD45 was highly expressed on hT-NHL patient samples (median, 2.3 x 10(5) antigen-binding capacity units/cell) and hT-NHL cell lines (3.4 x 10(5) CD45 antigen-binding capacity units/cell). Biodistribution studies in hTNHL xenografts showed that (131)I-labeled BC8 (anti-hCD45) delivered 154% (P = .01) and 237% (P = .002) more radioiodine to tumor sites over control antibodies at 24 hours and 48 hours, respectively. Importantly, tumor sites targeted with (131)I-BC8 exhibited 2.5-fold (P = .05), 3.0-fold (P = .007), and 3.6-fold (P = .07) higher (131)I retention over the nontarget organs of lungs, liver, and kidneys, respectively (24 hours). Because the clinical use of anti-hCD45 would target both T-NHL and other hematolymphoid tissues, we evaluated the ability of anti-mCD45 to target mT-NHL. mT-NHL grafts targeted with anti-mCD45 correspondingly retained 5.3 (P < .001), 5.4 (P < .001), and 8.7 (P < .001) times the radioactivity in tumor sites compared with nontarget organs of lung, liver, and kidney. (131)I-labeled BC8 therapy yielded improved complete remission rates (75% vs 0%, P < .001) and progression-free survivals (median, 23 days vs 4.5 days, P < .001) compared with controls. These data indicate that the high CD45 expression of T-NHL allows reliable tumor targeting and disease control supporting anti-CD45 RIT for T-NHL patients.