Toshio Tsukiyama

Appointments and Affiliations

 
 
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Basic Sciences
Member, Appointed: 2007
University of Washington
School of Medicine
Biochemistry
Affiliate Associate Professor
Professional Headshot of Toshio  Tsukiyama

Mailing Address

1100 Fairview Ave. N.
P.O. Box 19024
Mail Stop A1-162
Seattle, Washington 98109-1024
United States

Contact

Phone: (206) 667-4996
Fax: (206) 667-6497
http://research.fhcrc.org/tsukiyama/en.html

Degrees

Ph.D..
D.V.M..

Research Interests

We are interested in understanding how chromatin structure is regulated in vivo.

In eukaryotic cells, DNA is packaged into chromatin. This allows compact storage of the genome, but limits the access of DNA binding proteins to their targets. Therefore, chromatin structure strongly influences all the processes that rely on protein-DNA interactions, such as transcription, DNA replication, repair and recombination. We are therefore elucidating the mechanisms that regulate chromatin structure in vivo to understand how these fundamental processes can be achieved. We are using the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model organism, because functions of genes can be studied most readily by genetic and biochemical approaches in this system but easily applied to multicellular eukaryotes.

At the current time, our interest is focused in the following areas. One goal is to understand the mechanisms of ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling. To address this issue, we are studying a few ATPases that have potent biochemical activities to change chromatin structure. These enzymes have been known to be required for normal transcriptional regulation and DNA replication, as well as maintenance of chromosome structure. However, how they function at the molecular level is not well understood. For example, it is not understood how they might alter nucleosome structure to allow the transctional machinery access to promoters. We are using molecular genetic, biochemical and genomic approaches to understand what these factors do, and how they function in vivo.

We also study how chromatin structure affects DNA replication. It is a complete mystery how the DNA replication machinery can copy the genome with complete precision in the context of the complex and compact chromatin template that it must duplicate. We are currently focusing on how histone modifications and ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling affect DNA replication.

We are also trying to understand how nucleosome positions are determined in vivo. The nucleosome is the fundamental unit of chromatin, which has 147 base pairs of DNA wrapped around eight copies of core histones. It has been known that many parameters, including the physical property of DNA, DNA binding proteins, ATP-dependent chromatin structure and passage of RNA polymerases, can affect nucleosome positioning. However, how these parameters work together to determine nucleosome position in vivo is not known. We are using genomic approaches to uncover the fundamental rules that determine the positioning of nucleosomes in vivo.

 

Recent Publications

2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008